Policies & Procedures

Policies, Procedures & Guidelines


Academic Employees

Admin Exempt

Classified Employees

Emergency

Faculty

Faculty Handbook

General Information

Table of Contents

Training Video: Active Shooter

BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS FIRST AID PROGRAM

Shoreline Community College will provide first aid training for a limited number of employees to ensure availability of bloodborne pathogens first aid at all times there are employees and/or students present. Under only limited circumstances are any employees obligated by the College to render bloodborne pathogens first aid assistance. Bloodborne pathogens first aid assistance will be onlShoreline Community College will provide first aid training for a limited number of employees to ensure availability of bloodborne pathogens first aid at all times there are employees and/or students present. Under only limited circumstances are any employees obligated by the College to render bloodborne pathogens first aid assistance. Bloodborne pathogens first aid assistance will be only a voluntary action of the employee, unless otherwise designated.

Prevention of exposure to employees and students will be accomplished by the following:

  • Identify items or potential incidents involving contamination with blood or other potentially infectious material (OPIM)
  • Identify jobs and procedures that could present a risk to employees and students
  • Develop proper work practices
  • Determine proper personal protective equipment and devices
  • Develop proper cleaning and disinfecting procedures
  • Identify appropriate disposal methods
  • Train the affected employees and students about the diseases, routes of infection, work practices and equipment

This program intended to apply to employees who perform infrequent, voluntary, good samaritan first aid activities. These activities, described as incidental encounters or contacts, are exempt from the bloodborne pathogens regulation. This program is also intended to apply to employees and students who may have unanticipated, potential occupational exposures to blood or other potentially infectious body fluids or materials.

Bloodborne diseases are spread from human to human when blood or OPIM from an infected person enters the blood of another. This can occur from injection through the skin, through non-intact skin (cuts, abrasions, chapping), through mucus membranes, mouth or eyes. Infected persons commonly do not know they are infected during periods when they are highly infectious to others. Any blood or OPIM will be handled as if it were infectious. Disease specific information is attached.

Individual departments may have supplemental protocols required by WISHA and/or other regulatory bodies.

DEFINITIONS:

"Bloodborne Pathogens" means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).en body fluids.

"Contaminated" means the presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or OPIM on an item or surface.

"Contaminated Sharps" means any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to, hypodermic needles, broken glass, and sharp or ragged edges.

"Disinfect" means the use of a chemical to inactivate or destroy bloodborne pathogens on a surface or item.

"Universal Precautions" means that all blood and OPIM are treated as if they are infectious with bloodborne pathogens.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION:

Signs and Labels: Signs and warning labels will be placed on containers of regulated waste, refrigerators containing blood or other potentially infectious materials, an" means the use of a chemical to inactivate or destroy bloodborne pathogens on a surface or item.

"Universal Precautions" means that all blood and OPIM are treated as if they are infectious with bloodborne pathogens.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION:t exposure to blood or body fluids occurring on campus must be reported immediately to the lab/clinic instructor, the immediate supervisor and/or Campus Safety/Security. An incident report for all known exposures to blood and/or body fluids must be filled out and submitted to the Campus Safety/Security Office within forty-eight (48) hours of the incident.

Shoreline Community College
Safety & Security Department
Building 5000, Room 5102
(206) 546-4633
or cellular phone 206-235-5860, 206-235-5861

Hazardous Procedures or Items:

  • First Aid
  • Handling contaminated sharps
    • Discarded hypodermic needles (legal or illegal)
    • Razors, knifes, etc.
    • Glass
  • Cleaning contaminated surfaces
  • Garbage handling
  • Bloody items (feminine hygiene products)
  • Laundry
  • Janitorial
  • Used condoms (parking lots, landscape)

Employees or Job Positions:

  • Campus Safety/Security staff
  • Custodial/Plant Operations staff
  • Health Occupations and Science laboratory employees
  • Cosmetology and Physical Education employees

WORK PRACTICES:

Any blood or OPIM will be handled as if it were infectious (universal precautions).

First Aid Kits:

All first aid kits will be equipped with the following:

  • Medical examination gloves (vinyl or nitrile)
  • Personal protection device for pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Disinfecting towelettes for instances when running water and soap are not immediately available
  • Bandages, gauze, and/or tourniquets
  • Possible additions: surgical mask, eye protection, clothing protection

First Aid Incidents:

  • Any employee responding to help another person with a first aid situation that involves the presence of blood or OPIM shall, as a minimum, put on medical examination gloves and be careful not to allow contact with any other part of the body or clothing.
  • Contaminated gloves or clothing should be removed as soon as possible after the incident or treatment. They will be placed in an impervious plastic bag as near as possible to the incident to control the spread of contamination.
  • Hands must be washed with soap and water immediately after removing gloves. Any other affected body surfaces will be washed immediately with soap and water. If there is exposure to the eyes, continually rinse the eyes with cool water for at least 15 minutes.

Contaminated Item Procedure:

  • Broken glass or hypodermic needles: any contaminated sharp item must be handled in a way to prevent punctures or cuts. Use dustpan and brush, or a mechanical device (like tongs) to move or maneuver sharp items. Do not handle with the hands. Place the contaminated materials in impervious containers and label. Contact your local health department for disposal requirements.
  • Employees or students who legally self-inject medication should not dispose of used needles at the work site. The employee or student should take used needles home (in impervious containers) and properly dispose of them.

Needlesticks and Cut Prevention Procedure:

  • Caution must be exercised when handling all needles, sharp blades, or other sharp objects/devices to reduce the possibility of needlestick injuries and cuts.
  • To aid in preventing needlestick injuries, those needles used for actual injections shall not be recapped, purposely bent or broken by hand, removed from disposable syringes, or otherwise manipulated by hand. Following an actual injection, the needle and attached syringe must be disposed of in a puncture-resistant biohazard container.
  • Any student sustaining a needlestick injury or cut must immediately report the injury to the lab/clinic instructor.

Exposure to Blood or Body Fluids Procedure:

  • Students practicing in the lab/clinic may need to report any cuts, scrapes, wounds, skin rashes, chapped skin, dermatitis, or other impaired skin integrity of exposed skin to the lab/clinic instructor prior to performing any task(s) that may involve potential exposure to blood or body fluids.
  • Students and instructors practicing in the lab/clinic must wear appropriate personal protective equipment when performing tasks that may involve exposure to blood or body fluids.
  • All blood or body fluids should be considered potentially infectious at all times.
  • Should an exposure to blood or body fluids occur from a needlestick, a cut from a sharp instrument or a splash, the individual should:

For wounds/needlesticks:

  • Allow the wound to bleed freely and milk the puncture to facilitate bleeding; and,
  • wash the exposed area with soap and water; and,
  • apply peroxide; and,
  • report the incident to the lab/clinic instructor, your immediate supervisor, and/or Campus Safety/Security; and,
  • complete an Incident Report form.

For mucous membrane splash:

  • Flush the exposed area immediately with water for 10-15 minutes; and,
  • if desired, rinse the mouth with peroxide; and,
  • report the incident to the lab/clinic instructor, your immediate supervisor and/or Campus Safety/Security; and,
  • complete an Incident Report form.

For skin contamination:

  • Cease the procedure as soon as exposure has occurred; and,
  • wash the exposed area thoroughly with soap and running water; and,
  • if desired, use alcohol or peroxide as an antiseptic after thorough handwashing; and,
  • report the incident to the lab/clinic instructor, your immediate supervisor and/or Campus Safety/Security; and,
  • complete an Incident Report form.

REPORTING:

Incident Report for Blood or Body Fluid Exposure Procedure:

1.    Exposures meeting the following criteria must be reported immediately to the lab/clinic instructor, the immediate supervisor and/or Campus Safety/Security:

a. parenteral exposure to blood or body fluids by needlestick or contamination of an open wound,
b. mucous membrane exposure to blood or body fluids, or
c. prolonged contact with blood.

2.    Exposures must be reported to the Campus Safety/Security Office on an Incident Report form within forty-eight (48) hours after the incident. A copy of any investigative report or action shall also be provided within the same timeframe.

3.    The individual exposed should receive treatment, evaluation, and counseling by their own health care provider.

4.    All known exposure shall be investigated by: 1) the lab/clinic instructor, or 2) the respective Division Chair or Department Head and 3) the Campus Safety/Security Office to establish the conditions surrounding the exposure and to improve training, teaching practices, safety conditions and protective equipment to prevent a recurrence.

5.    The Incident Report relative to blood and body fluid exposure shall be kept confidential to protect the privacy of the injured. Only those persons with a need-to-know basis will be permitted access to such incident reports.

6.    A supply of Incident Report forms will be kept in the labs/clinics and in the Campus Safety/Security Office.

Post-Exposure Evaluation and Follow-up Procedures:

  • For Employees:

1. Source individual should be informed of the incident and asked to allow blood draw and testing for bloodborne infections. If the source individual agrees, counseling, blood drawing and testing will be at College expense. Whether or not the source individual agrees to testing, s/he will receive, in writing, a post-exposure evaluation and follow-up procedure recommendations from the College.

2. Exposed individual should be directed to a health care provider for counseling and testing, as appropriate, for bloodborne pathogens.

3. The College will provide the health care provider with copies of the exposure Incident Report and relevant health records of the individual, at the written request of the employee. Additionally, the College will provide available information about the source individual to the health care provider.

4. Post-exposure prophylaxis (measures designed to preserve health and prevent the spread of disease) recommended by the Center for Disease Control and the health care provider should be completed.

5. Costs for employee care are covered as a job-related injury, and any required "out-of-pocket" expenses incident to seeking medical coverage will be reimbursed at College expense.

  • For Students:

1. Source individual should be informed of the incident and asked to allow blood draw and testing for bloodborne infections. If the source individual agrees, counseling, blood drawing and testing would be by a health care professional at the student’s expense. Whether or not the source individual agrees to testing, s/he will receive, in writing, a post-exposure evaluation and recommendations for follow-up procedures from the College.

2. Exposed individual should be directed to a health care provider for counseling and testing, as appropriate, for bloodborne pathogens.

3. The College will provide the health care provider with copies of the exposure Incident Report and relevant health records of the student, upon written request of the student. Additionally, the College will provide available information about the source individual to the health care provider.

4. Post-exposure prophylaxis recommended by the Center for Disease Control and the health care provider should be completed.

5. Costs for student care are the responsibility of the student.


Emergency

 

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